Application of intelligent wearable devices in military field

  Today, young people wear a variety of smart wristbands, smart watches, smart clothing and smart insoles, wearing electronic products has become a new consumer trend. With the increasing number of wearable electronic products, a new term - Smart wearable devices, and its representative products, like the rapid popularity and popularity. They are changing a lot of areas, but when they encounter soldiers, military intelligence wearable devices and how will beyond imagination?


  Development history of intelligent wearable devices

  The concept of intelligent wearable devices originated in 1960s, and the prototype of wearable devices can be traced back to 1970s. The academic level, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in the United States, Japan, South Korea, University of Tokyo College of Engineering Science and Technology Institute and other research institutions are equipped with intelligent and specialized research institutions wearable devices, and has a number of technology patents. In the field of academic institutions and activities, the American Association of electrical and electronic engineers established the wearable IT Technology Committee, the International Conference on Intelligent wearable devices (IEEEISWC) began in 1997.

  Classification and function of intelligent wearable devices

  Generally divided into two categories, one is the equipment function is relatively independent comprehensive, not rely on computer or smart terminals such as mobile phone to achieve complete or partial functions, another only focus on a certain type of application function, and intelligent terminals such as mobile phone or computer with the use of the equipment.

  The main characteristics of intelligent wearable devices are easy to use, strong experience, advanced technology, intelligent and efficient.

  Application of intelligent wearable devices in military affairs

  For a long time, many countries have focused on improving combat personnel situational awareness, data display and command communications capabilities, focusing on the introduction of wearable technology into actual combat, and developed a series of related military equipment.

  一、Application of operational command

  1、Individual soldier command system


  "Army global military command and control system information system" is now equipped with the pilots of the US Army Air Force transport helicopter. With this system, the U.S. helicopter pilots can keep in touch with the front of any action and combat soldiers, commanded the ground forces; can also contact the superior commander, to obtain instructions and report the situation. At the same time, AWIS is also a data collection system, providing support for the future cyber battlefield command system of the US army.

  2、Intelligent helmet

  Last year, the British BAE Systems announced military helmets equipped with Striker II systems. With night vision camera shooting to obtain the relevant information, the collected information will be feedback to the helmet's display screen. In this way, the helmet achieves the function of night vision without glasses.

  3、Smart glasses

  A code ENVG helmet type night vision goggles research and development time span of 10 years, has begun to equip the U.S. Army's ordinary combat forces. The total weight of the system is 0.9 kg (including helmet mounted seat, cable and battery), the endurance time is 7.5 hours, and the recognition rate is 150 meters, 80% and 300 meters at 50% meters.

  The thermal imager ENVG is not a simple, is also equipped with intelligent "set like enhancement" function, the image can be digitally processed to enhance clarity, and the input and output of digital documents containing data or map. In addition, ENVG is also compatible with the current use of U.S. military laser sighting device. This means that the traditional thermal imaging can be used for target detection, and laser technology is used for target recognition. Based on this, ENVG in urban warfare, low light or dark environment to help soldiers observe the battlefield more effectively, improve the battlefield perception capability and maneuverability.


  According to reports, the United States will use the Innovega developed by a military application glasses. It will provide a series of operational information, including geographical environment, land and air enemy forces, with holographic 3D display technology. The information will be displayed in the form of "floating" in front of the user.

  二、Application of weapon equipment

  With the development of computer, sensor miniaturization and intelligent weaving technology, intelligent devices have truly realized the goal of "wear on the body", thus greatly expanding the physiological function of the human body.

  1、Intelligent insole


  Lemur Design Studio in Columbia has developed a SaveOneLife intelligent insole. The main purpose of this device is to protect the lives of soldiers. The metal detector consists of printed circuit mounted on the sole, when the soldiers patrolling the range of magnetic field reaction in bulk materials, the warning information and insole Unicom watch will inform the soldiers, bypass and prompt suspicious items on watch position.

  2、Intelligent bullet proof vest


  ITL is currently developing a "real wearable equipment" Spirit equipment, this equipment will be used in the army and navy of the United States, will use the modular, scalable, and hidden induction design, the equipment not only has bullet proof function, but also allows the wearer to become a mobile network circuit. Through the clothing surface is covered with built-in plug, you can connect the power and data, to achieve anytime and anywhere for smart wearable device to provide power support.

  3、Through wall detector


  Compared to the open space, street fighting is usually the most difficult. And the U.S. military procurement of AN/PPS-26 system for $151 million, you can send radar waves through 20 cm thick wall, found after the wall personnel and detect its activities. At the same time, the range of the detector can reach 20 meters, providing enough protection space for the soldiers. This device is still unable to determine whether the people hiding behind the wall is militants or civilians, but its advantages in portability are also more convenient for soldiers to some extent. At present, the U.S. military has planned to purchase nearly 10000 sets of such detectors in the next 3 years.

  4、Desert Eagle unmanned aerial vehicle


  From the beginning of 1950s, military drones have been applied in the field of military reconnaissance. As the Vietnam War, the United States military use of unmanned aerial vehicles carried out much thousands of aerial reconnaissance. During the war in Iraq, the United Kingdom to the United States on the "Desert Eagle" two UAV aerial reconnaissance.

  Desert eagle is Rock Martin of Germany. American company in accordance with the needs of research and development, with lightweight polypropylene as the main material, with a wingspan of 1.2 meters, weighing 3.2 kg, the maximum flight time is 60 minutes, the flight ceiling of 152.4 meters per hour cruise at speeds of 64 to 96 kilometers. UAV remote control through the portable computer, according to the pre programmed flight, but also can change the real time flight path. The Desert Hawk reconnaissance and surveillance system also has the ability to avoid obstacles and route planning of autonomous terrain.

  5、M-25 portable fuel cell


  For most smart wearable devices, the battery is still the biggest constraint to its use, in the theater power supply is often shortage of military areas more prominent.

  M-25 fuel cell can also call it a mobile power, from DuPont and SFC (a German Ovonic Fuel Cell Company) solution that combines traditional methanol fuel cell system and technology, in the continued power supply capacity of at least 72 hours, a minimum of 20 watts up to 200 watts and 80% lighter than the same length of conventional batteries, it is more than the current U. S. military is equipped with power supply equipment performance is improved by 3 times.

  At present, the new technology has been recognized by the United States Department of defense, equipped with the army is just around the corner.

  三、Daily supervision application


  In addition to the field of combat, intelligent wearable devices are widely used in daily security management, military training and post installation support.

  1、Intelligent knitting fabric

  Intelligent Textiles Ltd(ITL) The British company by weaving technology of electronic equipment can be woven into stitch knitting wear products. The relevant person in charge of the company Thompson said. By weaving some smart fabric materials into sleeves and diving suits, the wearer can provide thermal insulation.

  2、NWEUD military smart phone


  The rules of war are likely to be redefined based on the powerful performance of smartphones today. Compared to the traditional portable computer, the phone is more suitable for taking pictures and more portable, and it can remotely detect UAVs, only one APP can do.

  Development of military intelligent wearable devices

  The use of new materials, technology, equipment convenience and endurance will be significantly improved;

  The integration of new human-computer interaction technology and networking technology, people network integrated collaborative interaction will be achieved;

  Relying on the big data and cloud computing technology, battlefield information acquisition and processing capabilities will be greatly strengthened.